What are the mosaics in the Hagia Sophia made of?

How is the Byzantine mosaic different from a Roman mosaic?

Whereas Roman mosaics were largely functional, Byzantine structures placed an emphasis on decorative touches. However, both styles were employed to honor religious figures and domestic life.

Is Hagia Sophia made of brick?

As part of an integrated structural investigation of the 1500 year-old Hagia Sophia Basilica in Istanbul, specimens of its historic brick and mortar are being analyzed. … The pozzolana is ground up brick dust. Large chunks of brick are also found as coarse aggregate in the mortar joints.

What is the purpose of the Justinian mosaic in San Vitale?

This mosaic thus establishes the central position of the Emperor between the power of the church and the power of the imperial administration and military. Like the Roman Emperors of the past, Justinian has religious, administrative, and military authority.

What was the first mosaic?

The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.

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