What Indians of Mexico make yarn paintings?

Where do yarn paintings come from?

The History of Huichol Yarn Paintings: Huichol Yarn Painting comes from the Huichol (pronounced “wee chol”) Indian people, who live in western Mexico in the Sierra Madre mountain range. The yarn paintings traditionally depict Huichol myths and ceremonies, but modern works can represent stories of today’s world.

What is Mexican yarn painting?

Nierikas (pronounced Near-eeka) are traditional yarn paintings made by the Huichol people. Natural glue, made from tree resin and beeswax, is applied to a board, and yarn is pressed into it and left to harden. The designs and symbols on the Nierikas are based on their myths, stories and personal daily activities.

How do you do Huichol yarn art?

Huichol paintings are made with beeswax spread on wood, then left to warm in the sun. The artist then scratches his design into the wax with a sharpened stick. The lines of the drawing are then filled in by patiently twisting and coiling colored yarns. Begin by deciding on the design you wish to use for the painting.

What are pictures made of yarn called?

Yarn paintings are literally what they sound like, paintings made of yarn. Originally yarn paintings were from the Huichol Native Americans.

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Where is Huichol Mexico?

Most Huichol Indians live in central northwest Mexico, in the Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains. Their territory is located roughly 60 miles east of San Blas on the Pacific coast north of Guadalajara. Estimating the population of Huichol is difficult, but there were at least 8,000 in the late 1970s.

What is Nearika?

The Huichol Indians, who live in a distant part of Mexico, illustrate their religious beliefs in beautifully designed yarn paintings called “Nearika.” A traditional Huichol representation is that of the deified face of the sun, the Giver of Life.

What does Nierika mean?

Nierika, Nieli’ka

Negrín quotes Lumholtz as stating that for the Huichol and Tepehuan “a nierika means a picture, an appearance, or a sacred representation.” The term nierika is etymologically rooted in the verb nieriya, “to see”.

How is Huichol art made?

One primary art form consists of gourds and carved wooden objects, which are coated with beeswax, then decorated with colorful glass beads pressed into the wax. With these beading patterns the Huichol create beautifully intricate designs containing rich symbolism.

Is Nayarit Aztec or Mayan?

The indigenous people of Nayarit are distantly related to the Aztecs. The region of Nayarit was influenced by the Toltec people (AD 900-1200) and the Aztecs (1427-1519), although was never controlled by either. Nayarit was the twenty-eighth state admitted to the United Mexican States on January 26, 1917.

What are the characteristics of Huichol Yarn Painting?

Yarn paintings consist of commercial yarn pressed into boards coated with wax and resin and are derived from a ceremonial tablet called a neirika. The Huichol have a long history of beading, making the beads from clay, shells, corals, seeds and more and using them to make jewelry and to decorate bowls and other items.

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