How are sewing machine needles measured?

How do you tell what size a sewing machine needle is?

The needle size is determined by the shaft diameter. The groove is the indentation located on the front of the needle. The thread is protected in the channel as the needle passes through the fabric. The scarf is the indentation on the back of the needle above the eye.

What do needle size numbers mean?

In simple terms, the larger the number the thicker the needle. The smaller number relates to the American system and ranges from 8 to 20 and the larger number is for the European system and ranges from 60 to 120. Common sewing machine needle sizes are 60/8, 70/10, 75/11, 80/12, 90/14 and100/16.

What does 90 14 mean on a needle?

Sewing machine needles are sized in metric, however the equivalent imperial size is also shown, which appears adjacent to the metric size. For instance: 90/14 means that 90 is the metric size and 14 is the imperial size.

What is an 80 12 needle used for?

Double Eye 80/12 A Universal needle with two eyes, used on wovens and knits. Used with two threads for topstitching, shading and texturing effects and for embroidery. Stretch 75/11, 90/14 The medium ball point, special eye and scarf are specially designed to prevent skipped stitches.

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What is a 70 09 needle used for?

Needles come in 3 sizes: 70/09 – for use on sheer, lightweight fabrics, 60/08 – for use on lightweight fabrics, and 80/11 – for use on silk and other lightweight woven fabrics. Needles can be used by SINGER, Brother, Kenmore and other quality sewing machines.

What size needle do you use for cotton?

Quick reference needle size chart

NEEDLE TYPE NEEDLE SIZE FABRIC/PROJECT TYPE
Leather Needles 100/16 Leather/Suede
Metafil Needles 80/12 Decorative sewing
Quilting Needles 80/12 Cotton/Wool/Polyester/Wadding/Quilting
Embroidery Needles 75/11 Decorative sewing on lightweight fabric

What is a 75 11 stretch needle used for?

Quilting Machine quilting 75/11 and 90/14 Quilting needles feature a sharp, tapered point and are designed to stitch through thick layers and intersecting seams. Use them for piecing quilts and machine quilting the layers together.

What is a 100 16 needle used for?

Large needle sizes – 100/16 and 120/18 – These are for heavyweight, tough fabrics, like thick leather, heavyweight canvas, and dense upholstery fabrics. They are used with heavyweight threads such as upholstery and topstitching threads.